Flood and Ship : Imam Al-Hussein (PBUH) in the Texts of the Nineteenth Century Generation - Hussein Al-Qasad as a Nonpareil-

Abbas Rasheed Al-Dada; Prof.Dr

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 23-60

Iraq in the nineteenth century bears the brunt of a clique devastating its
man ، fauna، flora ، striping the country of its scientific and epistemic merits ،
squandering its sources ، casting man، steeped in poverty and sustenance lack
، into coercion and oppression and yoking him with wars worth nothing but
orphanage and agony : many poets take refuge in alienation ، surrender to
nothingness ،appeal to life as it is and fail to set himself free from its fangs.
Under such circumstance redolent of atrocities ، some poets revert into imam
Al-Hussein as a lighthouse ، a pathway and a haven they could shield themselves
from the vice of the age ، find salvation and resuscitate hope ; henceforth they
trip to such vents and rotate around them if need be or despondency looms
larger and larger in their life; Imam Al-Hussein fro them an identity and a land ،
eveternity and celestiality ، a fount of fertility and foliage ، certitude drags them
from scepticism ، as he is a golden stair to Him.
For the abundance of the ninetieth century poets ، for the diverse allusions to
the imam Al-Hussein and for the versatile and untraceable merits of such a figure
delimitation is hard to be we do choose such a poet to be a sample : Hussein Al-
Qasa

Al-Sajad (PBUH)the Pioneer of the Social Reform in the Umayyad Age ( A Studsy on His Al-Haquq)

aed; Asst.Prof.Dr.Haider Lafta Sa

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 63-114

Ummayds take seizure of different machinations and policies to
dominate the state wreaking havoc of the society as they encourage
all the acts of abominations and vice: all kinds of amusement، singing،
gambling houses، singing meetings ، slaves، money extravagance and
poets summoning ; all these lead to dye the society primitive and
far distant from the Islamic community whose foundation stones of
justice and equality are erected by the prophet Mohammed . That is
why the imams plunge into confronting such violations sometimes by
word ، sometimes by sword . Al-Huquq as a thesis is considered as the
. most evident efforts in reforming the society
The current study focuses upon the reformative texts the imam
conveys to all and tends to be bifurcated into an introduction، five
axes and a conclusion ، the first tackles the rights of Allah on man، the
second does his senses on him، the third does the religious rights on
him ، the fourth does the rights of his family and relatives and the fifth
does the rights of the society on him ، finally the conclusion terminates
. at the results

Civilized Dialogue Of Imam Ja`afir Al-Sadiq (PBUH) with the Other

Asst.Prof. Dr.Mohammed Hussein Al-Switi; Asst.Prof.Dr.Mohammed Fahid Al-Qeisi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 116-146

Imam Ja`afir Al-Sadiq was born in the Medina Al-Munawra، Enlightened
City، in 83 Hijra and fell martyr in his birth city in 148 at
the hand of Abu Ja`afir Al-Mansour 136-158 Hijra as he decreed to
poison the imam . In his entire life he lived with his grandfather Ali
Bin Al-Hussein for thirteen years in a house steeped with rigours
and calamities of Karbala atrocity ، endured all the kinds of agony
and took certain duties in line with religion at the hardest time of
the Islamic Arabic state as the Umayyad derailed from the traditions
and doctrines of Islam that is why there are many intellectual waves
and trends calling for different opinions : dissention and controversies
emerge ، consequently the Imam heaves into view as a pioneer
of having a dialogue at the heart of these controversial poles . It is of
necessity to exploit the rudiments of such a dialogue in fathoming
the other and solving the current cries : exile ، oppression and marginalization
policies regarded as the main reasons in devastating
nations and obliterating their civilizations ، therefore the Civilized
Dialogue Of Imam Ja`afir Al-Sadiq (PBUH) with the Other rises to
being and existence .
For the diversity of the dialogues the Imam hold ، it is to bifurcate
the paper into four axes with an introduction، the first elucidates the
concept of Civilized Dialogue Of Imam Ja`afir Al-Sadiq (PBUH) with
the Other، the second does the samples of these dialogues with the
readers of his time ، the third does the samples of dialogues with
the scientists of his time and the fourth does the samples with the
atheists and calumniators ،last the study concludes with the most
important results ، we do ask Him that we do our best ، it is of perfection
، it is for Him ، it is of some faults ، it is we are human to error
، no perfection but to Him .

Impact of the Religious Shrines on the Religious Tourism Growth ( Baghdad City as a Nonpareil)

Prof. . Salah Dawud Salman; Abud Kadhim; Lectur.Dr; Abid Al-Satar

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 149-175

Religious factors play an important role in increasing the urban
population in particular regions where religious symbols and monuments
that make them ritual and worship religious contribute to
attracting the population، as it is known that most of the cities with
crestive growth had its own religious reasons as it is known in Mecca
، Medina ، Jerusalem ، Najaf ، Karbala ،Kadhimiya and other cities،
as these places have become points of attraction or otherwise
affect in attracting large numbers of the population، and thus the
religious factor has become one of the factors helping urbanize the
growth of cities، therefore، the need to construction and expansion
of services for the residents of these cities، including recreational
services، and tourism with a religious significance، is achieved by
the people in visiting some places of blessing or pilgrimage or to
perform a religious duty or to learn the religious heritage of the
state and other religious rituals

Problem of Solid Garbage Waste in ALTalei` aa District and Its Environmental Detriments

Amir Rajh Nasir; Prof.Dr; Asst.Lectur.Ali Hamza Al-Juathri

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 179-220

Al-Talei`aa District as in other regions in Iraq suffers much from
heaping waste considered as the main source of the environmental
contamination ، it is inferred that there are certain concomitant
factors help exacerbate such a problem : urbanization، increasing
population number in the urbanized orbit and، the increase of the
family income as pertinent to such a phenomenon and also the uncivilized
conducts people take in throwing the waste in not their
proper places leading the pavements to be waste dumps that aggravates
the health state of people and attracts amphibians ،rodents
and insects to the city life ، in time there is brevity in the municipal
efforts and logistics to transmit these wastes to the dump places.

From Issues of Ibn Al-Seid Al-Batlusi (Explication and Verification)

Asst.Prof. Waleed Mohammed Al-Saraqbi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 223-265

Abu Mohammed `Abidaala Bin Al-Seid Al-Batlusi was born 521 Hijra
in the Shilb city ، brilliant and beauty-taking ، and transferred to
Batliyasm then to Balseia where he died. As one of the Andalusian
pillars he is considered for his knowledge ، confidence and competent.
As a scientist he leaves many products behind in literature linguistics
، theology and philosophy to reform and change the defects
in language ، In doing so، he depends mainly upon two documents ;
the first consists of 111 pages in 631 Hijra and the second comes as
the preserved documents in Shaster library in Dublin and consists of
117 pages .

Content Analysis of the Exercise Book of the Primary School in light of the Basic Thinking Skills

Assistant professor Saif Tariq Hussain; Abbas Mahmood Obaid

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 268-324

The current research aims to analyze the exercise book at the primary
level in the light of the basic thinking skills . Achieving the goal
of the research the researcher prepares a list of the basic skills of
thinking consisting of nine skills، and then sending them to experts
and specialists in curriculum and methods of teaching .However to
ensure the stability of the analysis، the researcher uses the method
of analysis with the help of others analysts using equation (Holsta)
totaled reliability coefficient between the researcher ، the first analyst
(%0.91) ، and ، the other analyst (0،85%) .
The research scholar suggests several proposals including: conducting
a similar study on the syntax of the Arabic language at the
primary level in the light of the basic thinking skills.

Stylistic Features in the Sermons in The Road of Eloquence

Asst.Prof.Dr. Rasul Balawi; Asst.Prof. Dr. Mohammed Ghafuri Fur

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 327-373

Nowadays stylistics surges into being as important and falls in the
orbit of the litterateurs to evaluate the artworks ; both the stylistics
and aesthetics come as the essence of the Road of Eloquence
for Imam Ali (PBUH)، the meant research endeavours to dissect the
artistic merits of the sermons in the Road of Eloquence into mere
bones for elegance and its semantic devices.
Due to descriptive analysis the actual study aims at studying the
artistic and aesthetic vantage points to cull the context behind the
text . It is inferred that the imam deploys certain stylistic features
to convey his messages ، yet on the structural level ، the imam employs
the verbal structures more than the nominal one as it is pertinent
to normativity ، here comes the semantic level to manifest
the sense of concordance between utterances and meanings via
sensual images .

Art of Anticipation and the Niche of Al-Sahib Bin `Abad

Asst.Prof. Mosa Sadarallah Arabi; Researcher . Zahra Fatah Hashami Tazanki; Reseacgher. Dawud Raza Sherawani

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 377-411

Anticipation grows momentum in the Arabic literature ; the Califs
and incharges take lead in such an art as it develops from Umayyad
era to Abbasid era to be an independent section called anticipation
Diwan. Many litterateurs exploit such an art and Al-Sahib Bin `Abad
takes lead in such an art , many studies miss such a propensity and
many scholars have no knowledge of such a figure , that is why the
research , here, intends to be a map to him and his artwork , Al-Sahib
manifests more than the art of anticipation : the improvisation
, suspense, warning and threatening . For truth Al-Sahib fathoms
the essence of anticipation and its kinds and takes some examples
from the Glorious Quran on one hand and the proverbs and sayings
on the other hand : certain anticipation found in his poetry.

A PRAGMATIC STUDY OF EUPHEMISM IN SHAKESPEARE'S Measure For Measure

PROF.Dr. RIYADH TARIQ KADHIM AL-AMEEDI; Researcher; MUHAMMAD HUSSEIN

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 6, Issue 2, Pages 19-61

Euphemism is a common language phenomenon used to replace
a direct, offensive, annoying, and prohibited word or expression
with a roundabout, inoffensive, pleasant, and acceptable one
so as to save both the speaker’s and hearer’s face or third party
from any loss.
Euphemism serves many functions; it may be used to soften the
taboos (sex, religion, death, disease, pregnancy, and excrement), to
deceive people (this is common in political situations), to show politeness,
humour, solidarity and respect. In Shakespeare's Measure
for Measure, these functions and many others are taken into account.
This study attempts to achieve the following aims: (i) finding a
model of pragmatic analysis of euphemism for Measure for Measure,
(ii) identifying what euphemistic expressions used in this play,
(iii) illustrating how context helps understand the euphemistic
expressions in the play, (iv) knowing the reason(s) behind characters'
infringement of Grice’s Cooperative Principle’s conversational
maxims and (v) showing how the subjects of Measure for Measure
such as sex, religion, death, disease, pregnancy, and excrement are
mirrored through the employment of euphemism. The following
hypotheses have been suggested:
(1) the interpretation of euphemism in Measure for Measure
greatly relies on context, (2) the characters of the play use euphemism
deliberately, (3) often euphemism serves more than one function
in one utterance and (4) the subjects of sex and pregnancy are
granted great interest in Measure for Measure than others (disease,
religion, death, excrement).
The conclusions of the research validate the above hypotheses