Imam Al-Hassan in Samples of Modern and Contemporary Arabic Poetry Reading on the Stylistics of Imagery
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 23-53
Thanks be to Allah invading the human heart with His grandeur, no
sight could cuddle Him for the His dignity, He surmount matters with
capacity; no sight catches His being, no doubts could fathom His grandeur,
no tongues could count His blesses, peace be upon the seal of the prophets
Mohammed and his immaculate and prominent progeny.
The imagery is considered as paramount in the creative text in
general and poetry in particular as there is a Quranic importance to
convey a profound portrait: poetry surges into view as prominent in the
field of creativity for the sublime and great niche Allah maintain to the
Ahlalbayt and also people do, that is why the quills of the adherent poets
take delight in the love of the imams.
The current paper floats into being to scrutinize the portrait of imam
Al-Hassan in the Arabic poetry and the techniques the poets employ in
portraying the niche of imam Al-Hassan, stance, rigours, traits, as he is
the son of the prophet and the master of the youths in paradise; whose
imagery manifests aesthetic and creative values and culls its doctrinal
identity and sentimentalist and intellectual presence, existed and
infatuated at one time.
There are certain poets as selected from different regions praising
and elegizing the imams as immaculate and as a suppressed martyr that is
why the paper comes with various colours as they are different quills; the
study reverts into stylistics to have the artistic values and images and tends
to be bifurcated into three axes: 1- Simile. 2- Replacement. 3- Propinquity.
Ultimately the study terminates at the findings.
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 57-77
The social peace comes into the fore as an essential demand in the
policy of an imam of all people, proponents or opponents, since there are
the consent of Him and the preservation of the nation dignity, in doing
so the imam implements the divine message Allah, the Almighty, ordain
after the demise of the prophet Mohammed : peace could shield security,
quietude and content in the Islamic lands from the evil machination woven
to scatter dissention and sectarianism in the heart of people. Such finds
existence in the treaty occurred between the Imam and Ma`awia and
pertinent to a sparkling portrait to the social peace the Imam preserves in
such a piece of writing that is why the researchers orient the study to the
1. Fathoming the role of Ahlalbayt in erecting the social peace.
2. Fathoming the role of the Imam Al-Hasan in erecting the social peace.
3. Fathoming the peace treaty occurred between Imam Al-Hasan and
4. Fathoming the major ingredients of the social peace as occurred in the
The researchers adhere the methodology of the induction explication
as there is much convenience and deem that the Ahlalbayt, Imam Al-
Hasan, need be focused and explicated to have the knowledge beams
and founts; they are the essence of the social peace and the accurate
interpreter to the Glorious Quran as mentioned in sura Al-Anfal, Ayat 61:
“if they come to peace, so appeal to peace and rely on none but Him, it is
He who is omnipresent and omniscient”.
Imam Al-Hasan in the Poetry Arena Contrastive Study on the Portrait of Imam Al-Hassan in the Persian and Arabic Poetry
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 81-123
Poetry is a means of expression of the human passions in a way
better described as honest and pure and of manifesting the zeitgeist and
the time figures. In time the poets who cleave themselves in embracing
the Ahlalbayt pay much heed to them; their agony, rigors and what they
endure in the line of guiding people. Such a case is not delimited to the
Arabic poetry it is pertinent to the Persian poetry as well that is why the
current study will tackle the portrait of the imam in both the Arabic and
the Persian poetry and be bifurcated into certain isles:
2. Contrastive literature.
3. Literature bound to Ahlalbayt.
4. The portrait of the Imam in the Persian and Arabic poetry.
What the resrech study holds could be considered as a parameter to
trace the mutual lines between the Persian and Arabic poetry as the poets
pay much heed to the main traits of the imam Al-Hassan; benevolence,
martyrdom, patience, science and the intercession people seek from him.
However, these poets employ certain devices such as figures of speech,
allusion to the Glorious Quran, alliteration and an elegant language to
convey the depth of the human love to such an abode.
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 127-149
For Imam Abi Mohammed Al-Hassan Ibn Ali Ben Abitalib (Peace be
upon him) comes as the second of Ahlalbayt imams Allah obliterate the
sin and abomination from them thoroughly, the master of the paradise
people, one of the salvation people one who emulates them is to be
saved; one who deviates from them is to be degraded and vanished and
takes discipline and flourishment in the cradle of his grandfather, the
messenger of Allah and his father imam Ali Bin Abitalib (Peace be upon
them); as such he gleans both the honour of prophetship and Imamate and
the honour of pedigree and repute. The chosen imam is highly celebrated
for sapience, tolerance, quixoticism and generosity, that is why he is called
the most generous of Ahlalbayt for his so much beneficence, generosity,
philanthropy and helping the poor and the needy.
The chaste imam confronts in his life all the rigorous of pains and
ordeals and tolerates all kinds of self-torture and hardship. However the
current study orients the attention to his niche and respect the prophet
Mohammed holds to, manifests what rumours and calumnies he suffers
from just to assassinate his brilliant personality and also sheds light upon
the impact of these rumours, motives and preventive procedures to
stymie them to shield the society from their repercussions that might do
harm to the societal fabrics.
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 153-176
Thanks be to Allah , the Evolver of the universe and peace be upon
our master and prophet Mahammad and his immaculate posterity
The imamate interpretations have been embracing thousands of
speeches Ahlalbayt, the abode of sapience and imam Al-Hassan is one of
them, narrates in explicating the Ayats of Quran as they are the guardians
of the book and in their houses it is revealed ; they are with the Quran
and it is with them they never abandon it and the messenger warns that
to surpass them, to be in perdition, nor flourish them , they are more
flourished than you .
The meant research paper is an endeavour to focus upon whatsoever
narrated about Imam Al-Hassan in the traditional interpretations pertinent
to the Quranic readings and interpretational issues that is why it is called
as the narratives of imam Al-Hassan in the traditional interpretations,
the research study is bifurcated into two sections; the first tackles the
Quranic narratives imam Al-Hassan narrates and explicates and its impact
on the Quranic text, yet the second manipulates the narratives relevant
to interpretation of the Quranic utterances, finally it concludes with the
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 179-195
The study tackles the concepts of the creation and the intellectual
construction in the texts of imam Al-Hassan Bin Ali Binabitalib (Peace be
upon them) on the scale of the perception diction such concepts depend
on to provoke the perception of the interlocutor into stimulating the
memory prone to desuetude, so the Husseinist text pertains to the quality
existence and found to be, as its essential roles, an impetus to invigorate
the memory through perception: it is the greatest endeavour in such a
field at least for its time, place and scope where they are created, besides,
and it finds extent in other spaces having time expansion pertinent to the
change of place and the act in which the Husseinist text is perceived.
Semantic Fields in the Water-Praying Supplication of Imam Al-Hasan (Peace be upon him) Reading in Intent and Target
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 199-221
The present paper reconnoiters the semantic fields in the waterpraying
supplication of imam Al-Hasan and exerts itself to manifest certain
utterances employing water in panoramic shades of meaning: the water
that falling from the sky could be rain in drops to bid high prices slump;
bless to be spread . However there is a sense of erudition in the Al-Hasan
discourse manipulating the phenomenon; vales, mounts and brooks that
usher water abundance in such a supplication of the imam .
The meant diversity in diction grants the system of water-praying
supplication a pathway to erudition and edification and reflects the
faith the imam ensconces in his heart. Ultimately the study takes hold
of the semantic discourse analysis to cull the targets propagating an
evident intellectual structure for the sake of the human development, the
inspiration of man and his intellectual reality and doctrinal essence.
Keywords: Imam Al-Hasan, water-praying supplication, semantic
fields, narratology, semantic trait, intellectual targets, educational targets,
Mohammed Ali Haj Salmeen in Riposte to the Orientalists Rumours in Imam Hasan The Chief of The Youth of Paradise As a Nonpareil
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 225-254
For the Imam Hasan The Chief of The Youth of Paradise tends to be
considered as a valiant endeavour to do justice to Imam Al-Hasan (Peace
be upon him) and as a study on an essential phase from the Islamic history;
it is the first time to have such a source in India, to be a curt riposte to
the rumours the orientalists fabricate to assault the imam and accuse
him of many things, in time the study has recourse to various sources:
historical Islamic sources, Shiite and Sunite , and editions of the European
orientalists to gain objectivity and the mission of the editor himself; a
promulgation to Islamic union.
As s salient and prominent book Imam Hasan The Chief of The Youth
of Paradise grows as there is rarity in the historical Islamic sources that
is why the editor suffers much from such a hindrance and also the other
hindrances; language and the discrepancy between events and dates ; the
writer commits certain mistakes in surveying these events, misnaming the
figures and missing specific events concerning the attempts of Ma`awia
to assassinate Imam Al-Hasan. Lastly the meant source rises to being
as a preponderant part of the Indian culture celebrated with diversity of
religion, ethnics and denomination; without being so meritorious and
immaculate, does not the chronicle of Ahlalbayt survive in so huge a
country, India, with great political and cultural history.
Anomie of the Opponents and Skeptics of the Imam Al-Hasan Pre / Post Reconciliation (Analytic Study)
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 257-284
The present study tackles the concept of anomie fraught with all
the sorts of deviation from principles, standards and patterns and the
lack of confidence, skepticism, sometimes it reaches the highest state of
confusion and unfaith and could be a tocsin to the deterioration of the
social decorum dominating the behavior.
The more the state of anomie prevails in any society the more the
social chaos rises to being. Besides such a theory could be a means to
analyse the human conducts in specificity to dissect the mere motives
of the opponents and skeptics of the imam Al-Hasan into their real facts,
so the importance of such a locus calls itself to have the current paper
elucidate the psychological opinions and the acts of injustice the imam
Al-Hasan suffers from.
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 39-68
Language users’ choices of linguistic forms and expressions
are usually guided by their thoughts, feelings, attitudes and their
stance or points of view in the real world. One main serious reflection
is the issue of religious ideology.Throughout history, different
contradictory religious beliefs, concepts and opinions emerged due
to various political disputes and authorial struggles or controversies
by some parties and personae.This hints on the discourse produced
in relation with this regard.A poet who opts to write a piece of discourse
on a certain character is certainly affected by the personality
and attributes of this character or he has a view to share.
One way of approaching such kind of discourse is critical discourse
analysis (CDA). Language, according to CDA, is never neutral
and it always has some implications of the world that surrounds
us. Critical studies is concerned with scrutinizing power
relations,ideological manifestations and hegemony in social practices.
The current paper is a CDA of a poem commemorating Imam
Hasan. It sheds light on the religious ideologies of Shia’s doctrineapparent
in such kinds of poems by conceptualizing the way Shiasknow,
view and feel their Imam. The poem is of a well- known
religious Shia poet and a man of science.The poet and his piece of
writing are selected randomly to get a critical analysis. This study
raises the following questions: What are the religious ideologies reflected
in poetry written on Imam Hasan? What are the figurative
uses of language utilized to enhance presenting these ideologies?
To answer these questions, the study develops an analytical framework
for the critical analysis of the data under scrutiny. It is hypothesized
that such kinds of poetry bear ideological connotations reflecting
the Shia’s beliefs and concepts. This is usually accompanied
by figurative uses of language, let alone the factthat the language
of poetry is usually loaded with figurative rhetorical devices. The
analysis verifies the two set hypotheses. This research is hoped to
be of value to those interested in critical studies, religious ideologies
studiesand figurativity in poetry.
Volume 5, Issue 5, Pages 19-36
Religion is anchored in patience which is an inner feeling that
has different degrees. Being a transient or permanent state, patience
is not merely facing one's difficulty; however, it necessitates
The study attempts to answer the following questions:
1. Linguistically, is it applicable to express patience and hope in
Imam Hasan 's speech?
2. What is the extent of overlapping between patience and hope
in Imam Hasan 's sermons and sayings?
3. What are the aims behind Imam Hasan's use of the concepts of
patience and hope?
This paper aims at:
1. Investigating the linguistic devices used to express patience and
hope in Imam Hasan 's speech.
2. Tracing back the relation between patience and hope in the
3. Determining the reasons behind employing these two virtues,
namely; patience and hope.
It is hypothesized that:
1. There are certain linguistic devices that denote patience and
hope in Imam Hasan 's speech.
2. Concerning Imam Hasan 's sermons and sayings, it is anticipated
that there is a positive correlation between patience and hope.
3. It is also expected that patience and hope have ethical, religious
and mental features in Imam Hasan 's speech.
After analyzing the data selected, the findings of the investigation
validate all the hypotheses above.