Literal Meaning for Al-Khuai in Light of His Alkharj Research

Prof. Dr. Salih K. Al-Juburi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 23-81

The modern fundamentalists are considered as the philosophers of Arabic grammar. Their contributions to Arabic language are unique. The fundamentalist uses grammar to obtain religious norms accordingly assisting to understand and comprehend the texts. They render the introductions of their fundamental researches linguistic known as articulation sections. The most important research studies are those philosophized ones searching for the literal meaning studied by the fundamentalists in a way that has never been studied before. Consequently, they are considered as the pioneers in the field. The most famous modern fundamentalists is Abu Al-Qasim AlKhuai, died in 1413H, and being taught by the most eminent modern fundamentalists in the Honored Najaf whose thoughts inspired and influenced his career later on. He created his own fundamental school. The meaning (Alma'ana) section is a manifestation to his fundamental thoughts and the influence of his teachers on his philosophy. The research focuses on the section that studies the literal meaning as a linguistic study tackling the philosophy of literal meanings and concepts. The present study delimits itself to Al-Khuai`s philosophical ideas which are documented by seven of his students arranging his Al-Kharij research in addition to some comments of his professor Al-Nai'ini which is known as "Ajwad Al-Taqrirat" (The Best Decisions) which are: 1. Lectures on religious studies edited by Sheik Muhammad Isaac Al-Fayadh. 2. Misbah Al-Ussol (The Light of Fundamentals) edited by Muhammad Suror Al-Wai'id Al- Bashoodi. 3. Studies on the Fundamentals edited by Ali Al- Shahroodi. 4. Masabeeh Al-Usool (The Lights of Fundamentals) edited by Ala Al-Deen Bahr Aluloom. 5. Ghayat Al-Ma'amool fi Ilm Al-Usool (The Uppermost Aspiration) edited by Sheik Muhammad Taki Al-Jawahiri. There are two other research studies excluded from the present study: the first one dose not deal with the literal meaning edited by FakrAldeen Al-zanjani, the second one is not available and the researcher does not find though endeavouring hard; it is edited by Abu Al-Qasim Al- Kawkabi.

Circumstance Theory for Seid. Khuai: Reading the Essence of the Linguistic Semantics

Asst. Prof .Dr. Haider S. Jawad

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 85-111

The fundamentalists, like others, pay much heed to the issue of the linguistic circumstances as it has a great importance though many a researcher calls to abandon such an issue for not obtaining decisive results. The current research paper endeavours to lay the hands of the readers upon the most important theoretical features purporting the most paramount epistemic norms of the imamate fundamentals; it is to drag their most important theories into light, manifest the viewpoint of seid. Alkhuae (May Allah bless him) in particular and then expose the sense of the linguistic semantics in light of both the circumstances and the uses. It is of my sole target to tackle the viewpoints of seid. Alkhuae through attaching certain linguistic contemporary excerpts to focus upon the fundamentalist lesson through a linguistic vesture for conveying the Hawza epistemic knowledge to the orbit of the academic lesson; the Hawza epistemic theory hold vast epistemic depth the academic lesson is to observe and exploit.

From the Linguistic Locus of Seid. Al-Khuai: The Nexus between the Utterance and Content

Lectu .Dr. Mohammed J. Abboud

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 115-134

The current research paper tackles the promise theory of seid. Alkhuae (May Allah bless him), paves the way to certain linguistic loci of the fundamentalists, manifests the fact of the circumstance for them, manipulates the theory and endeavours to cull the essence of the linguistic research. Provided that the language is a social phenomenon, comes in line with the system theory of `Abidalqahir Aljareani and runs in harmony with the requirements of the linguistic performance and the term of circumstance certain grammarians mention. However, the study stirs some controversial issues of the theory and concludes that such a theory is the most harmonious with the linguistic research or rather the nearest one.

Idol Ideology in the Preislamic Poetry

abudi; Prof. Dr. Dhia G. Al; Researcher; Abidalwahab Al-Hamdani

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 137-170

This research is trying to extrapolate the correlation of the holy religious idea from the poetic text and layers of preislamic society, some text samples provide us with the representation of religious thought ignorant of some holy symbols chosen from selective processes. However it projects the light of critique process on the texts which talked about some(Idol) of cultural domination, manifests the critique reading lurking in a mechanism to internalize the cultural patterns and showing the nature of the holy relationship between the margin and the center in the preislamic community at that time.

Root and Branch Duality in the Arabic Phonetics Reading the Alkanash for the art of Grammar and Syntax

Asst. Prof. Dr. Mohammed H. z; aen; Asst. Lectu. Kadhim Salim Ali

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 173-218

The phonetic study is very important in the field of Arabic language and the study of the sound is the first step for each study because it deals with the smallest unit in the structure of the word. It is the raw material in the human speech. The study of the sound is not far away from the rest of the other language levels (grammatical ,morphological and lexical) as what we find in the old books .The subjects of the language are interconnected and the supreme goal is to be under the service of the Glorious Quran. This research delimits itself to the study of Arabic sounds (assets and branches) in Abu Al-Fedaa Al-Ayoubi who was famous by (Sahib Humat ) who was born in 732 After Hijra. I chose Al-Knash in grammatical art, morphological to be the base of my study. It contains Abu Al-Fedaa opinions and compared it with the opinions of the ancient writers. Then I set it in comparison with the modern sound lesson in many sides so as to balance between it and the ancient sound lesson. Sometimes my target is limited to explanation and analysis and show my opinions that I got from the books of modern and ancient writers. Abu Al- Fedaa comes in agreement with the past in many aspects (Arabic sounds, assets and it's branches), but he still keeps his personality in writing and his way; he was famous for his clarity and the moderation in discussing his phonetic cases and he added a lot to these research studies .So his presentation in the book is very clear. When we focus on the phonetic material in his research we notice that Arabic Alphabetic is based on the sounds as (assets) because the good sounds and the bad sounds can be as confused sounds, it has no clear articulation like the original sounds. So it consists of (29) or (28) perfect sound in pronunciation and much more in performance.

Cultural Propensities in the Discourse of the Stealth Poets in the Omayyad Era

Asst. Prof. Dr. Ahmed S. AL-Kaebi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 221-272

Such a study prospects the poetic discourse for the stealth poets in the Omayyad era and emanates from the approaches of the cultural criticism that gives importance to the cultural trends focusing upon the structures of the poetic discourse of them to expose its function and references. As the discourse of such poets purports certain propensities pertinent to the insight of the poet and the milieu around him, the acts of delineating and dissecting the meant propensities need interpretation to manifest the sense of the content employed they exploit. The current study stipulates having a preface and three sections; the preface tackles the cultural criticism and the literary discourse as a cultural counterpoise, the first section takes hold of the authority propensity in three axes: 1. Appraisal culture and the target difference. 2. Beneficence culture and superiority to question culture. 3. Expatriate propensity and the stealth poets portrait of deterioration and loss. Yet the second section manipulates the opposition propensity in two axes: 1. self-identification; “I” of the poet as emphatic. 2. sarcasm and obloquy. For the third section takes lead in elucidating the aesthetic propensities and its nexus with the cultural criticism in the stealth poetry in three trends: verisimilitude, replacement, and proximity. Then the study concludes with the findings.

Disease Reflections Resulting from Relatives Marriage (CaseStudy)

Prof. Dr. Mahdi M. AL-Qassas

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 275-311

Without a shadow of a doubt , marriage is the most sublime human bond the divine religions legislate and then traditions and customs give consent and order to it. Marriage needs time to think and erect a highly respectedstate of principles that facilitate such a great partnership as not be a fount of pains. Technology nowadays proves that the relatives marriage leads certain psychological and disease defects for instance; hemoglobindiseases “blood pigment“, distortion; the commonmonogene diseases causing handicap to children as we find in many Arab families because there is a family bond in the marriage; it is necessary to have some medical tests to avert having the inheritance diseases. The current paper investigates the angles: what are the types of the permanent diseases and the handicaps pertinent to the inheritance diseases resulting from the relatives marriage?

Justice in Al-Hussein Discourse: Utopia of aContemplative Society (Sociocultural Explication)

Lacturar. Dr. Talib A. Gitan

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 315-353

Such a discourse takes hold of words with moment to moment visions, future scopes, a historical extent begetting the past and the present reviving it with its figures and incidents. The research, here, endeavours to portray his society in line with the Husseinist discourse and employs it to unknot the derailing intellectual conflicts in Iraq today. As such he exploits the justice utopia to the identity of the land in regard to other denominations and elevates the loyalty to the land into the peerage via the culture of the social peace that finds existence in the Husseinist discourse.

Arabic Tribes in Kirkuk governance before The Independence of Iraq since 1932 A.D. Study of the Foreign Resources

Lacturar. Hady. Al-Mafragy

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 357-393

The Arabs in Kirkuk governance suffer from the continuous doubt according to their historical roots inside the province ,they are the product of the Arabs who have the receipt of sovereignty post the independence of Iraq in 1932 ,this doubt represents in the fact that it doesn’t present in an organized form and it hasn’t the ownership of land ,so we seek for the Arabic tribes in the provinces ,and they are collectively a coherent organization having the bilateral land that is clear and the owners who are the corner of permanent conflict before the independence of Iraq and within the determining the administrating borders of province depending in a set of non Iraqi resources that are written post the civil scenes and before the contemporary Iraq state in 1921. This research proves undoubtedly that the Arabic tribes are present in the most of internal areas within the administrating borders of Kirkuk province ,and within the four districts forming the province where the Arabic tribes are present in three places ones(Kirkuk :center ,Kafry and Tawooq)and which are within the social context of these ones in different degrees. Also this research proves that the Arabic tribes are present in these old district and their branches ;which are within their natural movement of tribes that seek for meeting their necessary needs without the political or administrational will of the Ottoman sates and its followers

Hypocrisy Phenomenon in Macca in the Glorious Quran before Hegira

Asst. Lectu. Abrahim M. Al-Moosawi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 397-448

The hypocrisy phenomenon strikes the a community hard to perish if it never resists such people, it conspires against the community as they are detriment to Islam: they never believe in Islam, they are sanctimonious, yet people who believe in Islam should be protected by the community itself. It is hard to fathom the double faced people as they never manifest who they are; Allah in His Glorious Quran describe them in Sura Al.Manafaqeen, the Hippocratic ((they art the enemies .Be cognizant of them. The curse of Allah be on them how are they deluded!)) The current research study tackles such a locus through three sections: the first deals with the meaning of hypocrisy in linguistics and etymology, the second manipulates a question; when does hypocrisy start? it is not as much known among Muslims and the third surveys the ranks and levels of hypocrisy.


Asst. Lecturer. Hameed M. Daikh

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 3, Pages 19-30

Abstract Ian McEwan's Atonement (2001) is a metafictional work in the best sense; a study of the mystery of creativity and the morality of literature, it grasps the psyche of the artist. Morality is at war in this stimulating novel. The word "atonement" refers to a crime, and a crime is committed against life and its moralities. The catastrophic consequences, both personal and political, are felt throughout this historical chronicles. The novel is a turning of the pages of before and after, and of crime and punishment. McEwan attempts to dive deep in the psyche of the characters to take snap shots of their reaction and response towards different issues, mainly the moral commitment, the focus of the paper. The most crucial incident in the girl´s realizing maturity is, however, her unintentional observing of the scene by the fountain. Briony sees the affair taking place between her sister and Robbie Turner. She tries to interpret it according to the structures she knows from the fictional world of the fairytale stories, as a proposal of marriage. This paper focuses on the moral dimension of the novel, and the sense of guilt which is felt by Briony, and her attempts to atone her biggest guilt against her sister Cecilia and Robbie, the son of the cleaner in Tallis house. In the end of the novel, we realize that the narrator is the author of the novel rather than the real author, and writing The Trials of Arabella is one of the ways that Briony uses to atone herself and to get salvation of her nightmarish guilt, which she causes for her sister.