Umalbaneen and Al-`Abbas Leather Flask Reading on the Poeticism of Parity

Prof. Dr. Sarhan Chaffat Salman

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-38

The research paper concludes with certain results emanating from the acts of explication to “Umalbaneen and Al-Abbas Leather Flask and thy are as follows: • The title designates the pivot of the poem and the poet coins after attaining the last; such manifests that the poem sprouts from the title; the title comes from the parity between Umalbaneen and Al`Abbas leather flask. it is a style of equality parity. • The inequality parity does not take much shrifts from the resonance of the poem; the poet runs into line with objectivity, the symbolism of the title and some pinnacles of the honest HusseinistTaff that is why the poems flows as organic and precise. • The poems ramifies into two stanzas with nine poetic units; the first cuddles four units, the second and the last does five. • At the very outset, the poet manifests himself and then manipulates both Umalbaneen and Al-`Abbas in light of Al-Taff; the path. • The poems adhere the line of edifying poetry that shuttles into the past and imbues from its pillars without being bound to the historical or past mindset; it is to contemplate and redeem certain matters and to elevate the poetic discourse into the peerage; poetry is to be transpired to the ordinary interlocutors with the mutual humanitarian precepts.

Umalbaneen the Al-Jud Poems Reading on the Values of Imagery

Prof. Dr. Rahman Ghargan

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-61

The goal the research study purses is to scrutinize the poetic values that emanate from the portrait of Umalbaneen as a symbol in the poems participating in the International Al-Jud Competition in its first fifth versions; the acts of scrutiny ramify into four axes: the securitizedcontext, the strategy of reading, the symbolism of sacrifice, the symbolism of the past portrait and the language of the direct historical discourse; the study concludes with certain results as follows: • Though the poets ponder over one-dimensional objective vantage point, they run into the diversity of poetic images they manipulate as they imbue the symbolism of Umalbaneen from Al-Taffbattle:different experiences they cull in light of performance and different perspectives they attain in concordance with perception. • The values of the imagery for the Iraqi poet intend to be tinged with pains of agony; such stipulates the historical symbolism as tacit; it is quite salient to spray the glimpses of hope and brilliant future sprouting from the heart of such agony. • The poems with objectivity summon the depth of history for Umalbaneen in light of images and shades of historical meanings from the past mindset and never wade into the poetic expectation; the discourse flows as more objective than artificial and cuddles hope and interpretation. • The poems purport the sense of poeticism, fairyland dictions and figurativity that could transpire beauty-taking images and unique traits of stylistics and redeem the portrait of the paragon and history in parity with resonance of the symbol and its public humanitarian resonance.

Structural functional Development of the Verb Reflections upon Semitic Philology

Prof. Dr. Ghalibm F. AL-Matlabi; Asst. Prof. Dr. Salih K. Ajeel

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-99

This paper attempts to trace the relations between the structure and function of the verb category in Semitic languages in general and in Arabic in particular from a philological perspective in an attempt to find a relationship between any change in the verb structure with that of a required functional necessity. It is most likely that the development of the semitic verb is more obvious than any other word forms. Using soil terminology, the layers of this development appear in the form of sediments that remain in its structure or usage. This is probably due to a certain extent to the tendency of the verb to empower these languages. The verb is most likely, in a language, semitic or otherwise, a complex grammatical form since it demonstrates a number of syntactic features that are simultaneously in agreement and parallel with: aspect, voice, mood, person, number, and tense. The focus of this research paper will be about the historical development of the verb structure and its connection with the way it expresses.The reader will find an obvious interest in forming a strong connection between structure and function in the Semitic and Arabic verb, the central part in this research focuses on the assumption that any change in the structure will lead to change in function. In other words, any novel change in the function will be reflected in the structure. This will be traced philologically through the verb affixes or the vowel changes in the middle or at the end of the verb, or its prefixes and its relationship with function.

From Us Semiotic Approach to the Spiritual Propensity of Salman Al-Mohammedi (May Allah bless him) in Terms of the Honored Prophetic Hadeeth

Prof. Dr. Aadil N. AL-Hassani

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-142

The current resrech study endeavours to reconnoiter the spiritual propensity in concordance with three levels inherent in the honoured Hadeeth; “Salman from us, Ahlalbayt”: the first pertains to his name, Salman, as prophetically opted and fraught with targets in such a personality and faith, the second takes hold of “from us” structure in light of semiotics, phonetics, syntax and pragmatics ,yet the third gives importance to the “Ahlalbayt” structure embracing certain founts of true evidences of such a concept that fluctuates between the infinite and the finite to delimit the infinite evidences for the concept of Ahlalbayt and the finite evidences. No way to cuddle such missions, to cast the reader in the meant spiritual ambience and to adjust the researcher to the proper systematic category unless there should be two sections; the first is to trace the honoured hadeeth in various Muslim scources, the second delves into his pedigree and how he believes in Islam then the piviovotal mission surges into the pages of the study: the semiotic reading of the prophetic honoured hadeeth in concordance with the three levels. The current research study exposes certain linguistic structures mentioned in the prophetic hadeeth, prophetic honoured chronicle and Ahlalbayt one as well in terms of objective lenses to fathom certain concepts with theological and doctrinal extents for the sake of demystification in the Islamic mind; “from us“ structure reveals the sense of “belongingness”, references and shifts from the infinite and the finite; such never culminates in unless it is set to the honoured hadeeth and the immaculate chronicle. The study lends the reader a semiotic approach shifting between the infinite and the finite in three orbits: 1. The first takes seizure of the Fifth cloak company (peace be upon them) 2. The second dose of the ninth infallibles, the sons of Al-Hussein. 3. The third does of guardians and Salman Al-Mohammedi as one

Sheikh. Hamood Al-Sa`adi as a Nonpareil and His Strategy in Recording History 1917 - 1994

Prof. Dr. Miqdam A. AL-Faiyadh; Asst. Lecturer. Thaeir S. AL-Hasani

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-190

This researchtacklesthe life of Shaikh Hmood Alsa'edi (19171994-) as is considered as one of the pioneers worth studying, he is one of the lustrous symbols of the holy Alnajaf city and one of its important scientific and cultural figures having a significant impact on preserving the heritage of Najaf city in particular and the Middle Euphrates and its tribes and heritage in general during a critical span of time in the twentieth century. He is also one of those who left an immortal seal represented by a number of printed and manuscript works. The current research paper focuses on the proper care and the documentation of his scientific career and achievements and is divided into three phases and a conclusion. The first phase includes the biography of Shaikh Hamood Alsa'edi as of his birth to his early scientific development. It also highlights his intellectual and cultural activities with a note as being a teacher and professor in Al-Hawza until his death. The second phase is devoted to studying some examples of Alsa'edi's writings in the field of historical knowledge to reveal the published and unpublished works of Alsa'edi; his newspapers articles with explication to these examples of writings. The third phase manipulates historical approach and the impact of his personal characteristics and religious and cultural interests on his way of historical writing. The conclusion includes the most important results the researchers have reached. Many resources have been employed, such as the unpublished documents from the archives of the general directorate of education in Najaf. Also advantages have been taken from the manuscripts saved by the one and only son of Alsa'edi and the scientific interviews as well. Works of Alsa'edi comes with a profound impact on enriching the study. Also the research gains useful information from references and studies about the biography of Alsa'edi in some pages of the research; some Najaf magazines such as Al-Adil, Al-Adil Al-Islami and Al-Iman were consulted as Alsa'edi had published many of his valuable research papers in their pages.

AL (the) in the Linguistic Heritage

Asst. prof. Dr. Usama R. AL-Saffar

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-213

Al, the light or depleted, is considered as a phoneme fighting the acts of desuetude for being dominant as a god in Semitism or in the old Arabic. The current research paper is to survey the definite Al in the old languages and whatever replacement and change it purports, illustrates the parts of Al functionally as they are four: defining, affixing, adding and interrogating and then tackles the act of omitting Al and the exclamatory sense of it. Ultimately, there is a conclusion manifesting the results.

Patriotic Arabic Lyrics (Stylistic Study)

Asst. Prof. Dr. Abdulmuneim J. AL-Shuweili

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-268

There is a mutual line between the Arabic lyrics as the formal Arabic takes so great a share in these lyrics .That is why the present locus claims mention in the study for having joint factors; the artistic values and the targets beyond them. The stylistic study stems from the individuality of a creative one in a field, it is to survey certain litterateurs to find the mutual ground for them in light of genre, goals and content. The forms revert into diversity, some take the column such as the anthems of Qatar, Tunisia, Syria, Kuwait and Sudan. Yet the utter free meters that take one foot found in the national anthems of Yemen or the free coalesced rhymes found in the national anthems of Algeria, Emirate ,Oman, Egypt, Palestine, Sudan, Jordan, Bahrein, Libya, Lebanon, Saudi, Iraq and Morocco.

Eloquence of Lady Zainab in the Kufa Homily

Lecturar Dr. Abdulzahra E. AL Salim; Asst. Lecturar Kadhim K. Ehwaiyin

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-305

For eloquence designates a linguistic term thriving in our linguistic heritage for having its own dimensions and functions the researchers believe that it is of importance to observe such extents from the past to the moment. Then it is to delve into the text that cuddles such extents in the homily of Lady. Zainab in Kufa .It is to define the concept of eloquence as a communicative science and a means to transmit a message from the addresser to the addressee, that gives lead to the practical angle in fathoming the manifesting structures of the most employed ones, the study tackles also the eloquence markers; eloquent simile and metaphors with its two parts; the qualifier and the qualified.

Quality Goals of Studying Curricula for the Departments of Arabic Evaluative Study on the Academic Accreditation Standards

Asst. Prof. Dr. Reid R. AL-Zaidi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-350

The present study aims: 1. Preparing academic accreditation standards to evaluate the goals of the curriculum for the Arabic language departments in colleges of education at the University of Baghdad and Mustansiriyah. 2. Evaluating the goals of the curriculum in the Arabic language departments in the light of academic accreditation standards developed in this research. The study identifies: 1. The curriculum of the Arabic language taught in Arabic language departments in the four ranks of the academic year 2011 - 2012. 2. Arabic language departments in colleges of education in the universities of Baghdad and Mustansiriyah. 3. Teaching staff of Arabic language departments in colleges of education in the universities of Baghdad and Mustansiriyah. The sample consists of teachers in the Department of Arabic Language, Universities of Baghdad and Mustansiriyah as having master and doctoral degrees (professor, and assistant professor, teacher, teacher assistant) amounting to (141), preparing a questionnaire to assess the curriculum goals in the Arabic language departments in colleges of education at the Universities of Baghdad and Mustansiriyah in light of the standards of quality and academic accreditation. For sheer sincerity and persistence the researcher uses the following statistical methods: 1. Pearson's correlation coefficient and Altaúa to test the two independent samples and weight percentile and chi square. 2. The results show that (21) indicators do not come out of (30) indicators, and concludes that the goals of the curriculum in Arabic language departments in the faculties of education at the University of Baghdad and Mustansiriyah are not characterized by quality standards and accreditation. The researcher recommends the adoption of quality standards and accreditation as prepared in the study to be a basis for evaluating the Arabic language curricula and suggests a similar study of the current one for the Arabic language departments of Colleges of Arts in Iraqi universities as well.

Common Thinking Techniques for Students of Colleges of Education in university of Karbala in Accordance with Sternberg theory

Asst. Lacturer. Ihsan K. AL-Talaqani

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-399

This study aims atstudying the popular thinking styles of the students of colleges of education (humanistic – pure sciences) in the university of Karbala also aims at finding the difference between the students in thinking styles according to the colleges, gender and the classroom. To achieve these goals, the current study uses a short list from thinking styles for Sternberg & Wagner 1991 translated by Mohamed Abu Hashim AL- Saeed 2008. The list is applied on a sample consisting of 450 students; 324&126 students from these two colleges respectively. The most prominent result in this research is the great similarity in popular thinking style between them .They are as Anarchic,Judicial,Liberal,Globa l, External styles in the college of educational of humanistic science and it is similar to what is found in the college of education of pure sciences except for the second place it is for the Legislative style. This study also reaches to an insignificant deference between the colleges or gender or the classroom in four thinking styles; they are Anarchic, Oligarchic, Liberal &Conservation. The present study also finds the deference between the colleges in four thinking styles for the colleges of education for humanistic sciences they are Monarchic,Executive, Local &Internal, but it is for the college of education for pure sciences in just two styles: Legislative & Liberal and there are differences for the males in two styles: Legislative & Local, but.

Colonialization Entropy and Globalization Mechanisms Anthropological Locus

Lacturer. Dr. Abdulwahab K. Abdulbaqi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 1-454

Concepts in the social sciences run into controversy as the cultural sources pertain to the norms of the society .Although the social sciences revert into the natural sciences in tackling some terms; adaptation and interaction; to be more scientific, they cull some shrifts to sever the researcher from the research paper. The concepts take shape of the region in which they are employed, the world bifurcated into north and south that is why there should be a difference in the use of such concepts; for instance free values, colonialization, globalization, civilization and urbanization. The aspects of globalization surge into light as a necessity to guide the world into social welfare or it is a form of colonialization reviving in another vesture. The current study endeavours to answer such an inquiry in light of both colonialization and globalization anthropologically. It depends upon some great anthropological figures; Prof. Dr. Qis Al-Nori and GeranLekeric as they represent the north.

Unruly Epicureanism Terrain and Torrid Débat Implicature: La Voix des Femmes Petitioning for Altruism in Al-Hussein the Martyr, Precursors of Certitude in Umalbanein Chronicle and A Black Mass

Asst. Prof. Haider G. AL. Moosawi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 17-51

Abstract In rudimentary terms, Epicureanism as a locus takes issue with mundanities of life man vehemently and fervidly exerts himself per se into culling, to be sure, the epicureans revert into certain angles of tranquility and quietude at the expense of societal axiomatic decorum. From Epicurus to the moment, man fluctuates between two mere extremes; it is whether to harm or to be harmed, it is whether to grant or be to granted. Rather, it is whether to plunge into sacrifice or envisage someone proffering voluntary acts. Such adduces evidence of existence in drama as in all literature. As such certain characters find expression and entity in saving other creatures at all costs regardless of denominations, sects and cultural bonds and all heartedly cleave to deliverance at the face of jeopardy, despots and a “die or convert” conundrum. There is a dense read here for certain dramatists seeking to unravel the thread between these contradicted extremes; Abdurrahman Al-Sharqawi, Ridha Al-Khafaji and Amiri Baraka remain noncommittal about the fact that man is man in all ordeals and crucibles. Such dramatists divulge such a propensity in the artworks of theirs under the rubric of conversational implicature a litterateur manipulates for certain reasons, overtly and covertly, just to expose so paradigm a shift women commence to meet the challenge of gender, lust and mundane riches that are afoot at all ages . In its entirety, La Voix des Femmes bursts onto the scene as both a crying shout and repressing philanthropy whenever man loses his winning streak of felicity; the feminine characters, in Al-Hussein the Martyr, Precursors of Certitude in Umalbanein Chronicle and A Black Mass, break the impasse of being rigid in time it is to be a savior to those who appeal to the processes of perturbation and trepidation and take hold of altruism as a scepter to their being and doctrines.

Idiomatic Expressions Translating from Arabic into English in the Glorious Quran An Analytical Study

Dr. Tawfeeq M. Ahmed; Lectural. Wasan N. Fadhil

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 5, Issue 1, Pages 55-81

Abstract A lot of expressions in the holy books in general and in the Glorious Quran in particular are artistically constructed and strongly rhetorical if compared with ordinary human prose and discourse. This privacy of the Holy Quran is due mainly to its language, Arabic, a language that has features not available in other languages. This research is an attempt to investigate and identify some existing obstacles in the process of translating Arabic idiomatic expressions in the Glorious Quran into English. It is hypothesized that Quranic expressions may be translated differently due to several factors. Four samples of translation will be investigated. The main aim of this study is to show the influence of social and religious factors in interpreting such expressions. Other points like strategies for translating idioms and challenges that Quranic translators encounter will also be tackled. Key words: idiomatic expressions, strategies, Holy Quran, social culture, difficulties.