Interfaith Dialogue Encoding and Decoding

Prof. Dr. Aadil Natheer Beiri

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 23-77

The dialogue as a behaviorist and stylistic trait keeps pace with man in his acts and speech; it heaves into light with him coming objectively equal to argumentation in light of intension diversity , thus it is to ponder over them one by one , that is to say , the dialogue and argumentation . It is tacit knowledge that man grapples with his troubles, the intellectual ones, in accordance with argumentation; the Almighty say: We have explained In detail in this Quran For the benefit of mankind, Every kind of similitude: But man is, in most things, Contentious. (Cave 54) So the dialogue dominates others as it is a rapport with the other to fathom his intellectual trends and perceive them in a way each maintains his freedom of choice. Man never gives much shrifts to intellectual matters in particular the religious ones than he does to the religious case that constitutes the nexus between the Creator and the created; Allah , the Highest, specify mankind with a concatenation of religions , prophets and messengers interpreting the divine intensions in the celestial texts of these religions to the extent the Glorious Quran comes as the last celestial memorized, in a way of utterance and content, texts and the prophet Mohammed is the last seal of prophets and messengers. Such religions leave an aura in the heart of humanity; some adhere them, some convert, for each religion there is a nation memorizing a text and protecting its legitimatized shades .The religious researchers in all nations compete in showing the rights of these religions over other ones to keep the bond that organizes the members of the believing nations. Yet these groups ramify into sections and denominations each endeavors to surpass the phase of texts explicating and to texts rereading in light of their interest. Thus the ordeal between the text as a divine rapport emanating from heaven to mankind to find guidance Allah , the Almighty ,decree and reading as a code an interlocutor deciphers as he himself desires ,not as what Allah ,the Highest, decree and send messengers , prophets and divine texts in particular ,the Glorious Quran. Consequently, the current paper takes grasp of three essential loci the specialized in the religious debate is to pay heed to, the Quran cuddles such concepts, it is tacit knowledge for the paper to rely on the Glorious Quran as a formidable contextual rapport to which we should have recourse first to perceive the debate priorities and second the inevitable facts; the research paper ramifies into: -Preliminary Concepts. -Dialogue from Concept to Intension -Pluralism: Types, Reconstructions and Explication in the light of the Quranic Text -Accepting the other between Containment and Acceptance in light of the Quranic Text

Intellectual Tolerance in the Orbit of Islamic Thought

Asst. Prof. Dr. Haider A. Al-Tameemi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 81-96

The religious tolerance purports the merit of the cultural diversity and embraces the thoughts and philosophies from the angle of accepting each other. It inaugurates psychological readiness; tolerating and accepting the other as he is. It is to delve into the points of consensus and eschew the points of dissension. That is to say, one is to pay respect the opinion of the other as such it is of truth; it is to admit the right of the other, and it never means clemency or resignation. Yet it is to broach a positive stance admitting the right of other in maintaining his rights, it is a custom countries, groups and people have recourse to. For the observer, Islam is the best in embracing such a culture through two isles; theoretically in the Glorious Quran and the speeches of the prophet and his posterity (peace be upon them), and practically in Islamic history that incarnates the most marvelous portraits of intellectual tolerance.

Pluralism Concept and Trends

Lect. Dr. Hussam Ali H. Al-Ubeidi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 99-121

Pluralism as a term is highly reputed nowadays and ramifies into shades and various shapes. Yet it settles to have one shade and shape; as the theological philosopher John Hake elucidates the pluralism in its entirety, meanwhile `Abid Al-Kareem Sarush transpires it in the Islamic orbit. Pluralism is of theology and gives importance to the phenomenon of pluralism explicating and it surpasses the practical limits of forgiveness and religious tolerance and illustrates the state of religious independence. Whatsoever tackled in such a statement purports a theoretical shield to live pacifically for the religiously different communities. Its acceptance keeps pace with the fact that it never runs counter to the religious texts in one hand, it is impossible to live pacifically without holding such a statement on the other hand, in particular, noting its negative impact; as it slackens the research and doctrine proving.

Term and the Narrative Term Their Hindrances in the Literary Arabic Criticism

Prof. Dr. Abdelmajeed H. Zaraqit

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 125-155

The current paper tackles such hindrances; the narrative term in the traditional Arabic criticism and the renaissance, then it takes a shift to the new and contemporary criticism since narratology grows as a science whose aspects ramified into linguistics, humanist sciences and whose terms settled, translated into Arabic and well defined. For the sake of objective contextual study , it is possible to trace such hindrances and other ones under a contextual study for certain specialized dictionaries ; Dictionary of Narrative critical Terms by Lateef Zeitooni , Dictionary of Arabic Terms in Linguistics and Literature by Majdi Wahba and Kamil Al-Mohandis, Literary Critic Guide by Nabeel Raghb, Literary Critic Guide by Leejan Al-Raweeli and Sa`ad Al-Ba`azi and for much universality and to survey direct translating hindrances it is to take hold of the specialized dictionary for Narratology ; Dictionary of Narratology by Gerald Prince, Dar Merit.

Diversity Terminology in the Arab Heritage Seif Khatib as a Nonpareil

Asst. Prof. Dr. Maleeka Naeem

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 159-183

Arabic heritage endures confusion in the orbit of etymology whose hindrances emanate from ambiguity, misconception, diversity in particular. Thus interpretation shackled with such confusion, definitely it is in the heart of text particularity and what attention there should be; expression types of affixation. There surges a controversy over the affixation in the Glorious Quran under the pretext that the Quranic context surpasses hyperbole and litotes; the interpreters and grammarians resort into decorating it with various expression forms. The Basraians regard it as hyperbole and litotes, the Kufians as a relation, Alaloosi does his best in calling it concurrent with other traditional grammarians and Saif Al-Kate takes a path, due to certain sources, in calling it. Why is Saif Al-Khateeb? Where does he employ it? From whom does he borrow? Why does he take seizure of it?

Cultural Reconoitring Obsession Pedagogility of the translated

Asst. Prof. Dr. Lahcan Azzuz

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 187-214

Constructing a discourse critical, literary and epistemic in a civilization comes in parallel with a developed vision of maturity, contemplation, perception and culture and language pollination; the discourse is a state of abstracting a phenomenon, a case and a scientific or cultural controversy. So it pertains to the two phenomena of definitions and literary critical categorization in any human culture. Moreover, it is an important locus in the cultural and intellectual consensus and in the cultures dialogue; Edward Morgan Forster defines the good translation as “a translation is to do its goals in the target language as it did in the mother one; it is just like portraying”, in this regard, Orr considers the process as “the portriatist never shows all traits of a portrait”; he is to select whatever seems as best for his own part; it is to trace the soul of a text.

Shawadh and Nuhas Utterances in the Glorious Quran Between the probabilistic interpretation of scientific miracles

a Jarallah Sattam; Asst. Prof. Dr. Kat

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 217-262

The interpreters convey three shades for Shawadh, shrapnel; the first designates a flame destitute of smoke, the second the fire smoke, the third the flame mingled with smoke. Yet Nuhas, copper, as the interpreters consider , designates the sheer flame. Accordingly they prefer interpreting Nuhas as smoke for the sake the contextual meaning .As the Creator promise them with fire commingled with both flame and smoke. In time the interpretation of Shawadh as flame and Nuhas as smoke is not sufficient in perceiving the Quranic expression in the Ayat context for certain reasons; Shawadh and Nuhas are simple elements, not composed of certain elements, as such it is to erode the essence and punishment power of them. However, the paper lends importance that Shawadh and Nuhas designating something heaped , giving heed to the structural content for both utterances ; Shawadh and Nuhas, the syntactic interpreter is to trace their shades having two fire patterns heaped in a specific space producing a sound ; such an interpretation is quite convenient to stern the “Shawadh and Nuhas to the poles desiring to penetrate through heaven and earth, as a result, they are buried alive before achieving their targets as the Shawadh and Nuhas heaped upon them

In the Syntax Defects Viewpoint and Comment

Asst. Prof. Dr. Usama R. A. Al-Safar

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 265-282

Certain scholars and researchers pinpoint the syntax defects in three loci; the syntactic books, grammatical curricula and the objective grammatical materials. They reach consensus; one of those is Prof.Dr. Na`ama Raheem Al-`Azawi whose book , In the Syntax Revival Move and its Availability in Modern Age, regards syntax by system and books as its shades. It is the defect of the system ; a source depends on, thus books emanate in vain , what it is regarded as a defect for them is of the system, so the study focuses upon what trench marks are twisted reluctantly is nothing as compared to the much other ones.

Efficacy Assessment to the Members of Iraqi Foundation Counsel 1924 Ahmed Alsheikh Dawud

Prof. Dr. Hasan Ali Abdullah; Luct. Dr. Sami Nadhim AL-Mansoori

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 285-340

It is impossible to consider a political or social figure as a project for a paper, thesis or dissertation in a refereed journal, since such a figure ascended the throne or being in the limelight, but there is an exception as the meant figure accrues certain traits never found in his fellowmen in the orbit of intellectuality and personality that trigger the process of delving its ores. Thus the importance of the current paper heaves into light; the study takes two sections: The first section focuses upon the efficiency of the constructional counsel with reference to the targeted figure. Yet the second section tackles the most salient trademarks in assessing the efficiency in accordance with Iraq-Britain Treaty signed in 1922.

Magnetic Summit Disorder of Sun and Earth and its Impact on Climate and Weather

Asst. Prof. Dr. Hussein Fadhil Abd

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 343-370

The study takes hold of the relationship between the phenomenon of the magnetic summit disorder of sun and earth and the exceptional weather and climate effects for the factors and sphere phenomena; solar radiation, temperature, pressure, wind, humidity, clouds and precipitation .The research paper depends mainly upon official statistic reports showing the impact of the magnetic disorder of sun and earth.

Pedagogical Teaching Competence and its Relation to Specialization and Scientific Title Variables for the Teaching Staff in Arabic Department in the Colleges of Baghdad and Al-Mustansiriya

Lucturar. Dr. Saad S. T. AL-Saeidi; Lucturar. Dr. Raed Y. AL-Zaidi

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 373-436

In the Greek the word pedagogy purports a set of speeches and practices that endeavor to channel a child from the natural state into the cultural one and to set him as an efficient citizen. As tacitly agreed, the knowledge of pedagogy refers to perceiving the content, Shulman broached it as independent among the seventh types; general pedagogy, textual pedagogy, content perception, pedagogical content perception, perception of learners traits, perception of teaching environment, perception of philosophies; general and specific targets. Such an accumulative experience renders education as an art. The researchers deem that pedagogy is to attune the teachers into being cognizant to their efficient deeds they practice in teaching and attending the lessons; the teacher is the pivot of the teaching process and the greatest dominator of the class activity; it is of necessity for him to acquire the pedagogy perception of content and the students traitsand the teaching commonalties.

War Is Never Over Not Inside Those Who Killed! Healing Through Remembering in Eugene O'Neill's Shell Shock

Asst. Prof. Dr. Hana Khalief Ghani

AL-AMEED JOURNAL, Volume 4, Issue 2, Pages 19-43

Abstract Eugene O'Neill's engagement with psychology is an essential feature of his dramatic career. From his early plays onwards, he grapples, to a more or less degree, with psychological theories and concepts. His anti-war plays are no exception. Shell Shock depicts the psychological hell which the traumatized Jack Arnold finds himself in during and after First World War. It employs a number of psychological concepts and methods such as shell shock, trauma, repetitive compulsion, and talking cure. Since studying shell shock falls within the domain of psychology, the present paper is divided into three main sections. As the play was written in October, 1918, about two months before the end of the First World War, section one is a study of the definitions, symptoms and treatment of shell shock as it is understood during the First World War. Section two deals with O'Neill's engagement with psychology in general, shell shock and war trauma in particular. Section three is a study of Shell Shock as a testimony to the dehumanizing and monstrous nature of war. The paper is rounded off with a conclusion in which the main findings of the study are stated.